The Tissue Culture & Art Project is a collaborative art project created by Oron Catts and Ionat Zurr. The aim of the project is to investigate the ways in which lab-grown tissues, materials and organisms can be used for artistic expression. Below is a list of selected publications

Publications available via The University of Western Australia
Oron Catts @UWA-ResearchRepository
Ionat Zurr @UWA-ResearchRepository

Publications available
Oron Catts @Academia
Ionat Zurr @Academia


  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr, Shifting Meanings: How Biological Art is Read across Different Museum Types Closing the Circle Art in Science Museums, Camilla Rossi-Linnemann and Giulia de Martini Eds. Routledge, an imprint of Taylor & Francis Books, Inc. (accepted June 2018)
  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr, Artists working with Life (Sciences) in Contestable Settings YISR: Interdisciplinary Science Reviews (Taylor & Francis)
  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr,  Disembodied Meat, MAARV MAGAZINE #24
  • Elise Cachat, Lenny Nelson, Daniel Sachs, Lucia Bandiera, Alison McDonald, Erika Szymanski, TarshBates, Filippo Menolascina, Ionat Zurr, Alistair Elfick, Jane Calvert, Susan Rosser, Oron Catts, The Art of Fusion – A Synthetic Approach to Create Cross Kingdom Hybrids, AICHE Abstract #519572 – Fifth International Mammalian Synthetic Biology Workshop
  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr, Vessels of Care and control – the citizens of incubators Biocitizenship: On Bodies, Belonging, and the Politics of Life, Edited by Kelly E. Happe, Jenell Johnson, and Marina Levina. NEW YORK UNIVERSITY PRESS


  • Zurr, Ionat & Catts, Oron. 2017, Tissue Engineering for Art, Design, and Other Cultural Artifacts. in JP Vacanti (ed.), Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, United States, pp. 147-157.


  • Ionat Zurr, Futile Labor GEOHUMANITIES Vol 2. No. 1, Routledge.
  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr, Keep it warm! Incubators as simulators, LA+ Interdisciplinary Journal of Landscape Architecture, a publication of the University of Pennsylvania, School of Design.
  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr, Vital Tissue Constructs, The Routledge Handbook to Biology in Art and Architecture, Charissa Terranova & Meredith Tromble, Eds.


  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr, The Biopolitics of Life Removed from Context – Neolifism  Resisting Biopolitics, S. E. Wilmer & Audrone Zukauskaite Eds. (Routledge : NY and London) 2016 ISBN 978-138-78948-7 pp.135-15.
  • Ionat Zurr & Oron Catts, Secular Vitalism or Fluid Automata Soft Control (Kibla Publishing Malibor Slovenia)


  • Oron Catts and Ionat Zurr, 2014, Countering the Engineering Mindset – The Conflict of Art and Synthetic Biology Synthetic Aesthetics Calvert J., Ginsberg D., Eds. MIT Press
  • Oron Catts & Hideo Iwasaki, 2014, The Biogenic Timestamp: exploring the rearrangement of matter through synthetic biology and artin Calvert J., Ginsberg D., (eds) Synthetic Aesthetics, MIT Press.
  • Ionat Zurr & Oron Catts, The Unnatural Relations between Artistic Research and Ethics Committees: An Artist’s Perspective, in The Arts and Ethic, Library of Ethics and Applied Philosophy/ LOET Paul Ulhas Macneill Editor, Springer (accepted May 2012- published early 2014)
  • Ionat Zurr, Agency in Movement, A special Section Guest Editor in Leonardo MIT Press (accepted 9thSeptember 2013 To be published in Leonardo Vol 47 2014)- this addition will include papers by SymbioticA researchers and others presented as part of the Agency in Movement Symposium, June 2013.
  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr , Growing for Different Ends, The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology 2014 Nov;56:20-9. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2014.09.025. Epub 2014 Oct 5.


  • Oron Catts, 2013, Exploring the Biological Milieu – In Search for Substrates at the Sub-Arctic in Beloff, L., Berger, E., Haapoja, T. Field_Notes: From Landscape to Laboratory. The Finnish Society of Bioart. ISBN 978-952-93-2313-5. p.143-152
  • Oron Catts, 2013, semipermeable (+) catalogue, 2013 SymbioticA, University of Western Australia ISBN: 978-0-9873082-2-1. 2013
  • Ionat Zurr & Oron Catts, Disembodied livestock: The promise of a Semi-Living Utopia, in Lindsay Kelley (ed), bon appétit- Parallax issue 66 2013. ISSN 1353-4645
  • Oron Catts, 2013, Synthetic Control (Un)Limited Life in Bulatov, D. (ed) Evolution Haute Couture: Art and Science in the Post-Biological Age, (part2). Centre for Contemporary Art Kallingrad ISBN 978-5-94620-073-8. p.388-397
  • Ionat Zurr, 2013, In Continuous State of Semi-living: A Partial Survey of Contemporary Artists Working with Living Tissuein Bulatov, D. (ed) Evolution Haute Couture , The National Centre for Contemporary Art (Kaliningrad Branch, Russia) ISBN 978-5-94620-073-8 p.398-413
  • Catts, O. and Zurr, I., 2013, The Vitality of Matter and the Instrumentalisation of Lifein Pia Ednie-Brown, Mark Burry and Andrew Burrow  (ed) Architectural Design Special Issue: The Innovation Imperative: Architectures of Vitality Volume 83, Issue 1, doi: 10.1002/ad.1527. p. 70–75  ISBN: 978-1-119-97865-7


  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr, Life as a Raw Material: Illusions of Controlin Somatechnics. Volume 2, Page 250-262 DOI 10.3366/soma.2012.0060, ISSN 2044-0138, 2012
  • Ionat Zurr, On Instrumentalisation of Life and the Vitality of Matter: Aesthetics of Creation and Control for post-Human Worlds. A Commentary for a paper by Deborah Dixon, Harriet Hawkins and Elizabeth Straughan, in Dialogues in Human Geography (DHG) doi: 10.1177/2043820612468647 Dialogues in Human Geography November 2012 vol. 2 no. 3 288-291 2012
  • Oron Catts, Ionat Zurr, Crude Life- The Tissue Culture & Art Project(Retrospective catalogue), Lazina Centre for Contemporary Arts, Gdansk, Poland.  ISBN 978-83-61646-28-0
  • Oron Catts and Ionat Zurr, 2012, Neolifismin Folio Magazine for Contemporary Art, Culture and the Joy of Life Volume 4 pp20-24 1855-8976
  • Oron Catts, 2012, Bullet Proof Skin vs. Utility Proof Art or When a Symbolic Gesture is Seen as a Real Action,in Jalila Essaidi (ed) Bullet Proof Skin Exploring Boundaries by Piercing Barriers, Eindhoven. ISBN: 9789081995702.
  • Oron Catts, 2012, Why Artists Play with Life, in bioart SpecialWAAG publication ISSN 1876-1550 p5-6   
  • Ionat Zurr & Oron Catts, 2012, Secular Vitalism or Fluid Automata, in Bulatov, D.(ed)  Soft Control, The National Centre for Contemporary Art (Kaliningrad Branch, Russia)  Exhibition and presentation:
  • Reprint: Oron Catts and Ionat Zurr, extract from ‘Towards a New Class of Being: The Extended Body’, in Nature (Documents of Contemporary Art series) edited by Jeffrey Kastner, The Whitechapel Gallery Press/ The MIT Press. ISBN-10: 0262517663 ISBN-13: 978-0262517669


  • Oron Catts, Ionat Zurr (Ed.) Partial Life, Living Books About Life series, (2011) ISBN: 978-1-60785-269-8
  • Open Humanities Press (OHP) ( Book series Edited by Gary Hall, Joanna Zylinska and Clare Birchall.
  • Catts, O, 2011 Regulated Transgressions: The SymbioticA Approachin Ars Electronica (ed)  Origin, Where it All begins  ISBN 978‐3‐7757‐3180‐5
  • Catts, O; Zurr, 2011, I En Que Consisteix la Biomateria? La Vida com a Material Primerain MATERIA Noves Fronteres de la Ciencia, L’Art i el Pensament  ISBN: 978‐84‐15224‐36‐5 p 168‐187
  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr, Life as a Raw Material: How to Consider Bio‐matter?In Touch Me Festival Zagreb ISBN 978‐953‐95360‐8‐2



  • Oron Catts, 2009, Reversing Genohype- About the Latent Figure Protocol, in Paul Vanouse (ed),Latent Figure Protocol, CEPA Gallery. ISBN:  093978419


  • Ionat Zurr 2008, Growing Semi-Living Art. doctoral thesis, The University of Western Australia.
  • Catts, O & Zurr, I 2008, The Ethics of Experiential Engagement with the Manipulation of Life. in BD Costa & K Philip (eds), Tactical Biopolitics – Art, Activism, and Technoscience. MIT Press, USA, pp. 125-142.
  • Catts, O & Cass, G 2008, Labs Shut Open – A Biotech Hands-on Workshop for Artists. in BD Costa & K Philip (eds), Tactical Biopolitics – Art, Activism, and Technoscience. MIT Press, USA, pp. 143-156.
  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr 2008, Growing Semi-Living Structures: Concepts and Practices for the use of tissue technologies for non-medical purposes. in H Castles (ed.), Neoplasmatic Design (Architectural Design). vol. October 2008, John Wiley & Sons, UK, pp. 30-35.
  • Oron Catts and Ionat Zurr, The art of the semi-living and partial life: Extra ear 1/4 scale, in Melentie Pandilovski (ed)  Art in the Biotech Era, ExperimentalArt Foundation. ISBN- 10:0949836524 p140-147
  • Gary Cass & Oron Catts 2008, Biotech artin Melentie Pandilovski (ed)  Art in the Biotech Era, Experimental Art Foundation. ISBN- 10:0949836524 p178-180
  • Oron Catts & Laura Sillars 2008, Artists and Scientists, A Symbiotic Relationship?,in Miah A (ed) Human Futures, Art in an Age of Uncertainty, Liverpool University Press & FACT, UK.  ISBN: 978-1-84631-181-9


  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr 2006, “Semi-Livings as Agents of Irony”in Susan Broadhurst (ed) Performance and Technology: Practices of Virtual Embodiment and Interactivity, Palgrave/Macmillan publication, ISBN:1-4039-9907-4


  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr, 2006, “The Semi Livings”in Eduardo Kac(ed) Signs of Life: Bio Art and Beyond. The MIT Press ISBN: 0262112930
  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr, 2006, “The Extended Body: Towards a new class of being”in ISEA/Intelligent Agent issue Intellect Press./ Artnodes, Issue 6 (2006) I ISSN 1695-5951.


  • Oron Catts & Ionat Zurr, The Art of the Semi Livingin Art et Biotechnologies, in Louise Poissant and Ernestine Daubner (ed), Presses de l’Universite du Quebec 2005 ISBN 2760513289, 9782760513280
  • Oron Catts, Ionat Zurr, Big Pigs Small Wings: on Genohype and Artistic Autonomyin Melinda Cooper and Andrew Goffery (ed)  Culture MachineVol.7  Biopolitics Issue 2005, Open Humanities Press (OHP) ISSN 1465-4121


  • Oron Catts, The Art of the Semi-Livingin Adrian Heathfield (ed) Live: Art and Performance, Tate Publishing 2004 ISBN 978 185437 501 8
  • Oron Catts, Fragments of Designed Life – the Wet Palette of Tissue Engineeringin BioMediale: Contemporary Society and Genomic Culture book edited and curated by Dmitry Bulatov. Published by The National Centre for Contemporary Arts (Kaliningrad Branch, Russia) 2004. ISBN 5-7406-0853-7, 9785749608532
  • Ionat Zurr, Complicating Notions of life- Semi LivingEntities  in BioMediale: Contemporary Society and Genomic Culture book edited and curated by Dmitry Bulatov. Published by The National Centre for Contemporary Arts (Kaliningrad Branch, Russia) 2004. ISBN 5-7406-0853-7, 9785749608532
  • Bakkum, D. J., Shkolnik, A. C., Ben-Ary, G., Gamblen, P., DeMarse T. D.,and Potter, S. M. “Removing the ‘A’ from AI: Embodied Cultured Networks” in Luc Steels and Rolf Pfeiffer (EDS) Proceedings of the Dagstuhl Conference on Embodied Artificial Intelligence, 2004


  • Oron Catts, Ionat Zurr  Guy Ben-Ary L’Art Que/qui sont les étres semi-vivant créés par Tissue Culture & Art?in L’art Biotech,  Edited  by Jens Hauser Le lieu unique France, Filigranes Editions 2003 ISBN-10: 2914381522 ISBN-13: 978-2914381529  also in Italian 2007
  • Ionat Zurr & Oron Catts, The ethical claims of Bioart: Killing the Other or Self Cannibalismin the AANZ Journal of Art: Art and Ethics Vol. 4, No. 2, 2003 and Vol 5, No. 1, 2004 pp.167-188.
  • Ionat Zurr, Oron Catts, Are the Semi-Living are semi-good or semi-evil?In Technoetic arts – an international journal of speculative research, Volume 1 Issue 1 DOI: 10.1386/tear.1.1.47/0 ISSN: 1477965X,id=7134/
  • Ionat Zurr and Oron Catts Food for Thoughts about the Future, Experimenta: House of Tomorrow , ISBN 0 9581597 1 8 . Editor: Alex Taylor. 2003
  • Oron Catts, Ionat Zurr & Guy Ben-Ary, Was/wer sind die durch das Tissue Culture & Art Project in geschaffenen halbleben, European Media Art Festival Osnabrueck 2003


  • Ionat Zurr and Oron Catts, 2002, “On Humans and Other Animals are ‘Becoming’ Each Other”, in Art Link, VOL 22 NUMBER 1, 2002, ISSN 0727-1239
  • Oron Catts and Ionat Zurr, Growing Semi-Living Sculptures, in Leonardo, Volume 35, Number 4, August 2002, pp. 365-370, The MIT Press E-ISSN: 1530-9282, Print ISSN: 0024-094X.
  • Ionat Zurr, Oron Catts, Emergence of the Semi-Livingin Reproduction and Production, pp. 54-59 Thresholds 24, Spring 2002, MIT, ISSN1091-711X
  • Oron Catts, Ionat Zurr, Pig Wingsin Converge, Where Art+ Science Meet, 2002 Adelaide Biennial of Australian Art (Catalogue), The art Gallery of South Australia, ISBN 0 7308 3013 6, 2002


  • Catts, O and Bunt, S SymbioticA, The Art and Science Collaborative Research Laboratory. In Gerfried Stocker, Christine Schöpf  (ed) Takeover Ars Electronica, wer macht die Kunst von morgen (who’s doing the art of tomorrow) Springer Vien 2001. ISBN-10: 3211836292, ISBN-13: 978-3211836293
  • SymbioticA Research Group “Fish & chips”,In Gerfried Stocker, Christine Schöpf  (ed) Takeover Ars Electronica, wer macht die Kunst von morgen (who’s doing the art of tomorrow) Springer Vien 2001. ISBN-10: 3211836292, ISBN-13: 978-3211836293


  • Oron Catts, Ionat Zurr, Guy Ben-Ary, Dr. Stuart Bunt, Dr.MD. Joseph VacantiThe Use of Tissue Engineering as a Medium for Artistic Expression”in Tissue Engineering  6 No. 6 December 2000, Marian Liebert Inc Publishing p. 697
  • Oron Catts, Ionat Zurr and Guy Ben-Ary “Tissue Culture & Art(ificial) Wombs” in Gerfried Stocker, Christine Schöpf  (ed) NEXT SEX: Sex in the Age of its Procreative Superfluousness. Sex im Zeitalter seiner reproduktionstechnischen ÜberflüssigkeitArs Electronica 2000 ISBN-10: 3211834990, ISBN-13: 978-3211834992


  • Oron Catts, Ionat Zurr,Tissue Culture & Art Stage One, exhibition catalogue, ISBN 1‑875386‑33‑5, PICA Press 1998.


  • Oron Catts, Design and Biotechnology: an exploration of the possibilities of objectifying living organisms. The Journal of the School of Design, issue number 4 1996/7 Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia



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